About the 2016 Scorecard

The Rwanda Governance Scorecard (RGS) is an annual publication of the Rwanda Governance Board (RGB) that seeks to gauge the state of governance in Rwanda. The RGS 2016 by and large captures primary and secondary data for selected indicators for the year 2015.

The RGS is an independent Rwandan publication meant for comprehensive governance assessment based on primary and secondary data drawn from over 200 questions. It considers 8 observed dimensions of governance that constitute 8 composite governance indicators with 37 sub-indicators and 150 variables.

It is of utmost importance for RGB to learn from the past and continue to improve the accuracy and relevance of its products. For this reason, the RGS 2016 has retained the 8 aggregated indicators of governance, namely:(1) Rural of Law, (2) Political Rights and Civil liberties, (3) Participation and Inclusiveness, (4) Safety and Security, (5) Investing in Human and Social Development, (6) Control of corruption, Transparency and Accountability, (7) Quality of service delivery, (8) Economic and corporate governance.

The objectives of RGS are:
  • To generating credible and reliable data on governance issues for both national and international and stakeholders,
  • To serve as a practical tool that drives policy reform in the domain of governance through the identification of areas for improvement and actionable recommendations
  • To contribute to current knowledge formation about Rwanda.

Key Policy Recommendations

  1. To scale up and revamp the quality of extension services in agriculture sector to spur high productivity and wealth creation in rural areas;
  2. To design and operationalize a multi-year nationwide strategy for mainstreaming climate change resilience into development planning;
  3. To design and operationalize a multi-year nationwide strategy for sustainable urbanization and rural settlement as an imperative to achieve a middle income economy status;
  4. To design and operationalize a multi-year national strategy geared towards reducing in maximum 5 years, at least 80% of charcoal and firewood consumption by switching to gas and electricity, as an imperative for a sustainable and eco-friendly development;
  5. To design and operationalize multi-year innovative approaches to increase Rwanda’s export capabilities in order to reduce trade deficit and improve the overall status of balance of payments;
  6. To align sectoral policy implementation of socio-economic development strategies with those of secondary cities‘ development so that these cities effectively become poles of growth;
  7. To put up mechanisms for effective and accountable delivery of social development innovations to ensure accelerated graduation from poverty and better livelihood to the citizens;
  8. To adopt a national comprehensive policy that ensures compliance with quality service delivery standards in both public and private domains.

Rwanda Governance Board is pleased to publish the 2016 Rwanda Governance Scorecard - RGS. This edition coincides with two major events: first is the 5th anniversary of the RGS since it was published for the first time. Second, this year RGB is being turned into a special organ with extended responsibilities in improving service delivery accross public and private domains and expanded research scope and capabilities.

By Prof. Anastase Shyaka, Chief Executive Officer, Rwanda Governance Board Continue Reading

The methodology of the Rwanda Governance Scorecard (RGS) seeks to combine advanced research methods in global governance with those used in the RGS. The latter uses global and contextualized indicators and relies on a wealth of new local data, including scientifically sound Rwandan citizen and expert perception surveys, as well as hard data from Rwandan institutions.

The indicators used in this publication originate from diverse sources, including national and international which allow the RGS to combine the best in international governance research methods with own methods.

The RGS has the unique advantage of utilizing a wide range of new, Rwanda-specific data sources. RGB researchers verify hard data collected from relevant institutions to ensure their quality and validity.

3.2. Sources of data
The RGS 2016 uses three types of data namely, primary data, secondary data and expert surveys. Measuring good governance requires assessing progress against targets. With this in mind, RGB researchers collected and consolidated data from different public institutions (Ministries, Government Commission and Agencies), Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and Private Sector Organizations.

The data collected in this category consist mainly of reports and other administrative information collected from the aforementioned institutions.

3.3. Perception surveys

To root the RGS firmly in the realities of the Rwandan people, data collected from various perception surveys and other institutions were utilized. These include but are not limited to the Citizen Report Card 2015, the National Reconciliation Barometer 2015, the Civil Society Development Barometer 2015, the Rwanda Media Barometer 2016, Service Delivery Assessment in Central Government 2015, and Rwanda Bribery Index 2015.

Assessing governance holistically requires going beyond quantitative data and citizen satisfaction surveys. National experts (from Academia, think tanks and CSOs) with wide experience on issues of governance were also consulted to provide qualitative analysis.

RGS also utilizes expert surveys to enrich their findings in the governance landscape. These expert surveys were conducted in collaboration with CSO organizations, particularly Transparency International-Rwanda (TI-Rwanda). Individual experts were selected on the basis of their expertise, objectivity, independence and in confidence. Some international indexes consulted in developing and consolidating RGS indicators include; World Wide governance indicators; Global integrity index and Mo Ibrahim governance index.

3.4. Ranking System

The ranking of the indicators, sub-indicators and variables are derived from respective scores. The Color-coded ranking system is broken down as in the table on the right.

The ranking bar has been raised up for the RGS 2016 compared to the previous publications. Color ranking are attributed to the performance of indicators as follows:

Green starts from 80% and above; Yellow from 60% to 79.9%; Amber from 40% to 59.9% and Red from 0 to 39.9. The change is explained by the increasing of the expectation of indicators’ performance.

Previous Scores Current Score Rank (in colors)
75 - 100 80 - 100 Green
50 - 79.9 60 - 79.9 Yellow
25 - 49.9 40 - 59.9 Amber
0 - 24.9 0 - 39.9 Red

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Rwanda Governance Board (RGB) was formed from the merging of Rwanda Governance Advisory Council (RGAC) and the National Decentralization Implementation Secretariat (NDIS). In due course, other services have been moved to RGB from different government ministries.

These include the department in charge of registration of FBO’s, NGO’s transferred from the Ministry of Local Government, the department in charge of issuing of legal personality to CSO’s transferred from Ministry of Justice and the department of Media development, advocacy and reforms which was transferred from the former Ministry of Information.

The Rwanda Governance Board (RGB) is a public agency with legal personality, administrative and financial autonomy, established by law No 41/2011 of 30/09/2011. It is managed in accordance with Organic law No 06/2009 of 21st December 2009 establishing general provisions governing public institutions functioning and administration.

To read past versions of the Rwanda Governance Scorecard, simply click on the links below.

Expert Review

[…] The 2016 Rwandan Governance Scorecard lays out all available data on Rwanda to evaluate eight key areas of governance. It shows where the country is succeeding — and where it isn’t. Most importantly, it gives wellbeing-based policy recommendations for the country to continue building on its impressive progress over the past two decades [….]

Jon Clifton, Managing Partner, Gallup. Washington DC, USA.

The Rwandan Governance Scorecard, which covers indicators of economic, social and political progress, is a model not only for the African continent, but for all governments. It reflects a transparent government that is fully committed to improvements in human well being and a willingness to be held fully accountable.

Dr. Margee Ensign, President of the American university of Nigeria and Chair of the Adamawa Peace Initiative. Yola, Nigeria.

[…] There is growing consensus among political and development practitioners about the critical importance of good governance to sustainable development and stability of all societies. For instance, development experts assert that […] if Africa’s 54 countries practice good governance, their economies will grow, poverty will be eliminated and […] people will enjoy prosperity and stability. But progress towards the ideal forms of governance necessarily takes time and is influenced by context specific variables. Thus, measuring progress at given intervals is of great importance to all the stakeholders. The Rwanda Governance Scorecard has, through rigorous research and empirical analysis underpinning advocacy work and policy making, undoubtedly established a proven track record in advancing good governance in Rwanda. The One UN Rwanda, especially UNDP, is pleased to be an important partner to the Government of Rwanda through the Rwanda Governance Board in this endeavor.

Lamin M. Manneh, UN Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative, Rwanda.

RGB is to be congratulated for developing RGS into a world-class index built on global standards of governance and tailored to local context. It is transparent in its methods and sources which lends credibility and legitimacy to RGS. In terms of measuring performance and driving transformation, the 2016 edition puts the bar very high. An indicator is considered performing well if it scores 80% and above instead of 75% previously. This propels RGS as a tool that is likely to catalyze rapid positive change and growth. Most importantly, the RGS proposed policy recommendations which, if implemented, will spur Rwanda to a higher level as a developmental state.

Jendayi E. Frazer, Former US Assistant Secretary of State.

The Rwanda Governance Board has developed the Rwanda Governance Scorecard into a credible and world-class policy tool based on universal standards of good governance. Methodologically, it reflects top level scholarship.

Jendayi E. Frazer, Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State

RGS has become a veritable instrument for assessing governance performance in Rwanda [...] and therefore for providing guidance as to areas that need improvement and by extension enabling partners to have a precise idea about areas to which they could focus their assistance for further deepening governance in the country.

Lamin M. Manneh, One UN Rwanda Resident Coordinator

A new value addition to the current RGS as proof to its dynamism, is the reformulated and re-crafted indicators as well as additional variables such as Social Protection, and the application of IT in Court processes.

Dr. Frank Okuthe-Oyugi, Executive Director,
 ICGLR Levy Mwanawasa Regional Centre for Democracy and Good Governance