Foreword

Rwanda Governance Board is pleased to publish the 2016 Rwanda Governance Scorecard – RGS. This edition coincides with two major events: first is the 5th anniversary of the RGS since it was published for the first time. Second, this year RGB is being turned into a special organ with extended responsibilities in improving service delivery accross public and private domains and expanded research scope and capabilities.

Both of these have a direct impact to spurring accountability and development in Rwanda. We created this scorecard to offer a research based policy tool to accurately gauge the status and trends of the most important aspects of governance in the country.

RGS has become an open data platform on Rwanda and has generated knoweldge to a wider audience. Internally, RGS has become a credible and reliable data source. It has alerted policymakers and practitioners on areas with performance shortcomings and incited others to improve and perform better.

Internationally, RGS has become a tool for knowledge and information sharing on Rwanda’s social and economic progress. The RGS 2016 has also been used in testing and setting indicators of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially Goal 16. The RGS 2016 measures Rwanda’s governance performance along 8 indicators, namely: Rule of Law; Political Rights and Civil Liberties; Participation and Inclusiveness; Safety and Security; Investing in Human and Social Development; Control of Corruption, Transparency and Accountability; Quality of Service Delivery; and Economic and Corporate Governance. The uniqueness of the 2016 edition is threefold: it presents upward variations in its indicators, offers a comparative analysis of international indexes with its findings; and gives a synopsis on policy impact over the last five years.

The overall methodological approach for the RGS has been mainly maintained, but the scoring and ranking methods have been reviewed upwards. Now an indicator to be ranked green it has to score at least 80% and above instead of 75% previously.

Yellow performance has been raised to 60 – 79.9% instead of 50 – 74.9% previously while anything below 40% is considered to be in red instead of 25% in previous publications. This is also a reflection of the high aspiration spirit that Rwanda is setting for itself. In RGS 2016, the best performing indicator is Security and Safety with 92.62 %. The best improver of all indicators is the Control of Corruption, Transparency and Accountability which increased by + 7.52%, while the least performing has been the Quality of Service Delivery with a score of 72.93%. Investing in Human and Social Development indicator has been revamped with a new, more ambitious and globally challenging sub indicator, namely climate change and environmental resilience. This has impacted its score.

Overall, RGS clearly shows that Rwanda is making commendable strides towards building and sustaining a social developmental democratic state. We extend our sincere gratitude to all institutions, stakeholders, and individuals, who have in one way or another supported the production of the RGS 2016. We look forward to strengthening future partnerships and engagements at home and abroad. Prof. Shyaka Anastase CEO, Rwanda Governance Board

Prof. Shyaka Anastase CEO, Rwanda Governance Board